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Two-Wheeler Insurance First Party vs Third Party: Navigating Your Choices in India

Updated On Sep 23, 2023

First Party vs Third Party Two-Wheeler Insurance

Due to their ease of use and agility, two-wheelers continue to be a common form of transportation in India's busy streets. Comprehending the subtleties of various insurance coverage might be crucial in protecting your prized automobile. We break down the complexities of First Party and Third Party two-wheeler insurance coverage in this extensive guide to help you make wise choices and promote safe riding in India.


In India, having two-wheeler insurance is not only a legal necessity but also a wise financial move. First Party (also known as Comprehensive) and Third Party are the two main categories into which two-wheeler insurance policies fall. Each has its own characteristics and advantages and provides varying degrees of protection. So without further ado, let's explore the intricacies of these two insurance plan kinds to learn about their differences and what they mean for Indian two-wheeler owners.

Understanding Third-Party Insurance

Legal Purpose

Every owner of a two-wheeler in India is required by the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 to have at least a third-party insurance policy. This policy protects you against any monetary obligations that may result from harming a third party in an accident, whether it be to their person or property.

Highlights and Advantages

Insurance for Liability

Third-party insurance's primary function is to protect against liabilities incurred by the third party involved in an accident. It pays for the expenses of repairing the injured party's property and provides damages for any fatalities or serious injuries.


In general, third-party policies are less expensive than comprehensive policies. This is because they are a more basic type of insurance. They are a cost-effective choice for those who want to complete legal obligations without having to pay a high price.


No Personal Damages Coverage

The most obvious restriction of third-party insurance is that it does not provide coverage for harm to your own car. This implies that you would be responsible for paying for the maintenance and replacement of your two-wheeler out of your own money in the event of an accident.

Restricted Defence

Because of its nature, third-party insurance provides only a limited level of protection, mainly addressing responsibilities to third parties. It offers no protection against natural disaster-related damages, theft, or vandalism.

Two-Wheeler Insurance First Party vs Third Party: Navigating Your Choices in India

Understanding First Party (Comprehensive) Insurance

All-Inclusive Protection

A first-party or comprehensive insurance coverage, in contrast to third-party insurance, provides a larger safety net by covering a wide range of situations, such as theft, natural catastrophes, and damage to your own car in addition to third-party liabilities.

Highlights and Advantages

Personal Damage Indemnity

Own damage coverage is one of the best aspects of comprehensive insurance. This feature makes sure that in the event that their car sustains unintentional damage, the policyholder won't be forced to pay for repairs or replacements.

Defence Against Theft and Natural Disasters

An all-inclusive policy acts as a strong defence, providing coverage against auto theft and losses brought on by hurricanes, earthquakes, and floods.

Individual Accident Insurance

A personal accident cover, which provides compensation for physical injuries, impairments, or death stemming from an accident, is typically included in comprehensive insurance. In the event of serious incidents, this feature acts as a crucial financial safety net.

Add-ons and Customisations

Comprehensive policies give policyholders the flexibility to customise their coverage to suit their needs and preferences by offering a variety of add-ons like roadside assistance, engine protection, and zero depreciation cover.

High-End Features

A Greater Upcharge

The premiums for comprehensive insurance are typically higher than those for third-party policies because of the wide coverage. However, many see it as a good investment given the wider safety net it offers.

No Claim Bonus (NCB)

In order to promote safe riding, comprehensive policies frequently include a No Claim Bonus feature that offers discounts on premium amounts in later years if no claims are filed during the policy year.

Comparing First Party and Third Party Insurance


First Party Insurance

Third Party Insurance

What is it?

A comprehensive bike insurance policy provides you with total protection against all hazards by combining own-damage and third-party liability insurance!

Third-party bike insurance is a legal requirement in India that covers damages to third parties.

No, it's not required.

Is it Mandatory?

No, it is optional.

Yes, in accordance with the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988, it is required in India.


This policy provides broad coverage. You will have coverage for loss, damage, and theft of your bike. It offers financial assistance in the event that your bike, another person, car, or piece of property sustains any form of damage.

With this policy, coverage is restricted. All that a third-party liability bike insurance will shield you from is harm or loss to other people.

What is Not Covered?

Decreasing value, personal accident insurance, mechanical or electrical failure, driving without a valid licence or in violation of traffic laws, and driving after the policy's expiration are all excluded.

It does not cover things like damage to your own car, personal accident insurance, mechanical or electrical failure, driving without a licence or breaking the law, or driving after the policy has ended.


Add-ons including Roadside Assistance, Consumable Cover, Zero-Depreciation Cover, and Return to Invoice Coverage are among the options available to you with this insurance.

This policy solely covers personal accidents.

Why Should You Buy?

You should get it if you require comprehensive coverage for your bike in addition to accessories.

You should get it if you don't ride your bike too often or if it's too old.

Premium Price

A first-party bike insurance coverage has a higher premium than a third-party policy. The premium is calculated keeping in mind the risk factor of the bike, market value, location, make and model of the bike

As the insurance regulator, IRDAI, sets the prices for this type of policy, third-party bike insurance is less expensive.

Claim Settlement

Your claim is handled by your insurance provider. Depending on the kind of policy you have bought.

The claim procedure is overseen by the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal.

Forming a Well-Informed Choice

Examining What You Need

When deciding between first-party and third-party insurance, it's important to consider your financial situation, your vehicle's age and condition, and your specific demands.

Evaluate the Risk

Evaluate the possible hazards related to your usual commute routes and routines. If you travel through high-risk areas on a regular basis, getting a complete policy could be a wise decision.

Cash-related Matters

Take into account both your financial limitations and your requirement for coverage. A comprehensive coverage has a higher premium but provides more protection. To ensure you make an informed choice, balance the expenses and benefits.


The decision between a first-party and third-party insurance policy ultimately comes down to personal preference, which is based on specific demands and financial situations.

Regardless of the kind of insurance you select, it acts as a tool to promote safe riding practices, safeguarding both the rider and the greater community.

Having the right insurance coverage not only satisfies legal requirements but also provides peace of mind because you will know that you have a financial safety net to deal with unanticipated obstacles on the road.

May you have a safe and peaceful ride as you ride your two-wheeler through India's colourful streets. Allow your insurance coverage to act as a dependable companion, protecting you from the financial consequences of mishaps and catastrophes. Cheers to a secure and covered journey on Indian roadways!


  1. What distinguishes first-party two-wheeler insurance from third-party insurance?

The main distinction is in the scope of coverage. A first-party or comprehensive insurance offers broader coverage, including personal vehicle damages, theft, and damages from natural calamities, in addition to third-party liabilities. A third-party insurance only covers liabilities towards damages to a third party involved in an accident.

  1. In India, is third-party insurance required?

Yes, in order for every owner of a car in India to lawfully operate their vehicle on the road, they must have at least a third-party insurance policy, according to the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988.

  1. Is it possible for me to subsequently switch from third-party to comprehensive insurance?

At the time of renewal, you are able to switch from a third-party insurance to a complete coverage, yes. Many choose this in order to receive perks and broader coverage that aren't offered by a third-party insurance.

  1. Do comprehensive plans provide coverage for personal accidents?

In general, comprehensive insurance packages do include personal accident coverage, which provides financial assistance for any injuries, disabilities, or fatalities sustained in a car accident.

  1. What does No Claim Bonus (NCB) mean in relation to full coverage insurance?

Insurers offer a discount on the premium known as the No Claim Bonus (NCB) if no claims are filed throughout the insurance year. It can dramatically reduce your insurance rates over time and promote safe driving.

  1. Can I personalise my all-inclusive insurance policy?

Yes, comprehensive insurance let you to customise your policy to fit your needs and tastes with a wide range of add-ons including engine protection, roadside assistance, zero depreciation cover, and more.

  1. Does third-party insurance have any restrictions?

There are a number of restrictions with third-party insurance. It provides no protection against natural disasters and does not cover theft or damage to your own car. It only addresses obligations to the other person in an accident.

8: Why do comprehensive policies have higher premiums than third-party policies?

As comprehensive insurance give a wider range of coverage—including protection against natural disasters, theft, and personal vehicle protection—their rates are greater than those of third-party policies.


This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.
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